The Russian Army in the Russo - Japanese War had changed little over the last 100 hundred years, yes the weaponry was vastly different, but the command and control was still based on aged doctrine.
There was little bond between the 2nd rate conscript soldier often drafted from the rural population in the east of Russia, pay was low and conditions harsh.
The officers were drawn from an aristocratic background or the landed gentry and looked down on the troops under their command. The Officer Corp massively underestimated the Japanese army it was assumed that their lack of experience and their recent westernisation would make them no match for the Russian Army with it's tradition and experience.
Russian Infantry will generally be of Green quality, if the units are of Western in origin they may be Trained or Elite.
Artillery and HMG teams are likely to be trained.
Russian morale is likely to be reasonable or Good.
Support Unit Cards
The Russian machine gun was deployed as a defensive weapon. It was fitted on a limber and had a gun shield to protect the crew.
To represent the shield if being fired on from their front, they will always count light cover.
To represent the more cumbersome nature of the Russian HMG, they will deploy on two actions before being able to fire.
The early adoption of the HMG means that they will unjam on a roll of a 6 rather than a 5 or 6 as stated in the original rules.
To represent the resilience of the average Russian Soldier who generally fought well each Russian field force will include a rally card in the deck. On it being dealt the relevant player may remove one point of Shock from a single unit.
To represent the defensive strategy of the Russian High Command of awaiting the Japanese assault on their fixed positions before advancing when numbers were in their favour, This card should be included in the deck which once this card is dealt it is noted and if the next card is a Russian Big Man he may not use his initiative to move any Groups; they may only fire, spot or take cover.
The Russian high command were static and ineffectual to represent the poor command and control this card is added to any Russian Force. In effect this is a negative Command Initiative card. Once dealt it is left in play until the next Big Man of that force is dealt. He then has his Command Initiative reduced by one for that turn.
One Big Man may attempt something absurdly heroic, with his chances of success being agreed upon by the players or assessed by the umpire. Once this card has been used it will be removed from the deck.
A Big Man of the player’s choice may personally take a bonus move, whether he has already moved or not. This is restricted to his figure moving using two Action Dice. He may not be accompanied by any troops, and he is restricted to moving only.
This may be included in the deck for any force that is running short of ammunition. It may be in the deck from the start, or be added at a point during the game as specified by the scenario. If this card is dealt immediately after a Group or Groups of that nation have fired, then they are declared to be running short of ammunition. They may then only fire at close range for the rest of the game or until resupplied.
In our games we will often include a Supply wagon or Pack Mule to each opposing force, once a unit reaches the supply unit they are deemed as resupplied, alternatively a unit may send a runner who must reach the supply unit and return to his unit, before the unit can be deemed as resupplied.
Ideally only the player affected by this will be informed of this ruling.
National Characteristic Cards
Should the majority of the Russian Force be of Veteran status then an additional card my be taken, should the majority of the force be of poor quality then one card is removed.